African nightshades are several species of plants in the section Solanum of the genus Solanum, that are commonly consumed as leafy vegetables and herbs. It is one of the most important indigenous leafy vegetables & widely distributed throughout the tropics. The African nightshade is naturally common in both lowland and highland areas in West, Central and East Africa. It can grow in a wide range of soils, but it does better in nutrient-rich soil with high levels of organic material. Unlike some other nightshades, the fruit of the African nightshade is not eaten. The vegetable is an excellent source of protein, iron, vitamin A, iodine and zinc. Nightshades are traditionally used as medicinal plants.